• Japan XR Science Forum 2020

「免疫アレルギーX 皮膚」Powered by LEO Science & Tech Hub 中島沙恵子/京都大学


中島沙恵子

京都大学大学院医学研究科・医学部 皮膚科学 講師


発表演題: Immunity to commensal skin fungi promotes psoriasiform skin inflammation

Under steady-state conditions, the immune system is poised to sense and respond to the microbiota. As such, immunity to the microbiota, including T cell responses, is expected to precede any inflammatory trigger. How this pool of preformed microbiota-specific T cells contributes to tissue pathologies remains unclear. Here, using an experimental model of psoriasis, we show that recall responses to commensal skin fungi can significantly aggravate tissue inflammation. Enhanced pathology caused by fungi preexposure depends on Th17 responses and neutrophil extracellular traps and recapitulates features of the transcriptional landscape of human lesional psoriatic skin. Together, our results propose that recall responses directed to skin fungi can directly promote skin inflammation and that exploration of tissue inflammation should be assessed in the context of recall responses to

the microbiota.

© 2020 UJA & Cheiron Initiative

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